The Shroud Hypothesis as part of a Dark Star Solution
For a number of years, I’ve been trying to figure out how a massive planet could have evaded direct detection in visible light and infra-red, despite there being a lot of indirect evidence for its existence. I’ve not been alone in wondering this, although many of the researchers who have been working on this problem have been coming to it from a slightly different angle. They’ve been of the opinion that Nibiru is almost upon us, but has not been spotted by astronomers, for a variety of reasons (cover-up, planet hidden behind the Sun, obscuring artificial shield, exotic object, and so on…). I’ve always been convinced that this missing planet lies a long way out, and since the early 2000s I’ve considered it probable that it doesn’t actually come through the planetary system at all any more, although it likely did in the distant past. So, I’ve been trying to figure out how this object has evaded detection – without resorting to exotic solutions, like mini-black holes, Dark Matter, plasma shields or such like.
Early last year, I considered the possibility that the conditions for a planet lying beyond the Sun’s extensive magnetic atmosphere (known as the Heliosphere) might be somewhat different to those within. Clearly, this is the case to some degree at least, because the Sun’s expanding radiation output, heat and plasma drives outwards in the form of the solar wind. This process is continuous, but is most dramatically highlighted during coronal mass ejections – exceptionally strong examples of the usual coronal atmospheric effects around the Sun that can be observed during total eclipses of the Sun. The Solar Wind pushes outwards through the solar system, eventually interacting with external energetic galactic streams of plasma containing Interstellar Medium (ISM). The interface between the Solar Wind and the streams of ISM comprises of two zones – the Termination Shock, where the velocity of the solar wind drops below sub-sonic levels, and the heliopause beyond, where the solar wind is swept back by the action of the external tidal forces, forming a tear-drop around the roughly spherically shaped termination shock.
How would this affect a planet located within these various zones? Both cosmic areas inside and outside of the heliopause have streams of high energy particles to deal with, even though their origins are different. What I wondered was whether these zones dealt with accumulated particulate matter in different ways. Why? Because, I thought, if the solar system were to move through, say, a nebula of dense dust, then objects outside the heliosphere might become wrapped up in that dust, while objects inside the heliosphere are not only partly protected by the heliosphere, but also cleaned of this dust by drag effects causing the dust to fall towards the Sun over time (1).
So, essentially I wondered whether an undiscovered planet located beyond the heliopause might actually be wrapped up in some kind of dark nebula, which is notoriously difficult to image light and infra-red light through.
This solution would only work if the object in question does not re-enter the heliopause in the time between the solar system’s motion through the nebula from which the object picked up the dust. This would likely be a minimum of several millions of years, if not considerably longer, as such encounters would most likely occur when the Sun’s carousel motion around the galactic centre brought it through the galactic plane – roughly every 35 million years. This would effectively rule out a scenario where a Nibiru-like world, which is thought to move through the asteroid belt every 3,600 years during its perihelion transit, could be wrapped in such an obscuring cloud. After all, each time this rogue planet moved through the inner solar system, the Sun’s exuding wind would rip this extended cloud of debris from it, like it does with cometary volatiles, forming their beautiful comae.
However, if the undiscovered massive planet were to simply move between the outer zone of the heliopause and the inner edge of the Oort cloud, as I anticipated in my book ‘Dark Star’ (2), then it might have accumulated a significant quantity of material over the lifetime of the solar system, unimpeded by the solar wind. The proposals put forward last month by Dr Brown and Dr Batygin from Caltech (3) correlate well with these parameters, and they have charged the astronomical community with the duty to find this object. Work is already underway internationally to narrow down the area of the search for Planet Nine, with papers quickly appearing considering how such an object would impact upon solar system ephemerides – particularly that of Saturn whose position and movement is now known very accurately, thanks to Cassini (4,5,6).
However, is it possible that this object actually be considerably more difficult to observe than they anticipate? That would certainly make sense of a lack of observational data from WISE, for instance.
Spurred on by their indirect findings, and some of the strong correlations between Planet Nine and my Dark Star proposals, I’ve revisited the Shroud Hypothesis. Except this time I’ve formulated my ideas and arguments in a more scientific format, writing a paper complete with supporting evidence and academic references. It’s an exploratory paper, and takes in a wide range of diverse outer solar system anomalies – all of which share one thing in common, I believe – that there is an ongoing but intermittent creative process at work in the solar system, generated by the occasional inclusions of nebula gas into the space around the planets. Over time, this material is removed by the usual processes at work to largely clear the space around the Sun of dust. But, before that can be achieved, I argue, accretion of dust around outer solar system bodies can take place.
My scientific paper, currently in draft format, can be viewed online (7). It’s a work in progress, as I attempt to encourage scientists to test the various aspects of this hypothesis. The material contained within the paper will be fleshed out and explained in depth and clarity in a forthcoming non-fiction book, which I am currently putting together. I hope that it, as well as the ideas which naturally build from it about the nature of the dark Star, may be the final key to this enduring mystery.
9th February 2016
1) Andy Lloyd “The Shroud Hypothesis” 12th January 2015 http://www.andylloyd.org/darkstarblog22.htm
2) Andy Lloyd “Dark Star: The Planet X Hypothesis” Timeless Voyager Press, 2005
3) K. Batygin & M. Brown “Evidence for a Distant Giant Planet in the Solar System” 20th January 2016, The Astronomical Journal, Volume 151, Number 2, http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.3847/0004-6256/151/2/22
4) PhysOrg “Search narrows for Planet Nine” 23rd February 2016 http://phys.org/news/2016-02-narrows-planet.html with thanks to Jim
5) Fienga, A. et al “Constraints on the location of a possible 9th planet derived from the Cassini data” 16 February 2016, Astronomy and Astrophysics, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201628227, http://www.aanda.org/articles/aa/pdf/forth/aa28227-16.pdf
6) Iorio, L. “Where is Telisto/Planet Nine?” 31st January 2015, arXiv:1512.05288
7) Andy Lloyd “The Cumulative Effect of Intermittent Interstellar Medium Inundation Upon Objects In The Outer Solar System” 02/2016, DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.5112.5526 https://www.researchgate.net/publication/293488683_The_Cumulative_Effect_of_Intermittent_Interstellar_Medium_Inundation_Upon_Objects_In_The_Outer_Solar_System